Misc dump

Dump thread for dumping resources on unspecified topics.

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https://creation.com/did-humans-evolve-from-apes

https://creation.com/genetics-huge-problem-for-ape-human-evolution

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It’s meant for the upcoming womens/traditional family dumb

Dumping some old links I’ve had laying about on race-mixing for a potential future info dump


**LIST #1**

Here, my interesting compilation on this topic again:
Interracial Children and Couples:

White-Asian children are twice as likely as Asians to have mental illness. Source: http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=8732

Nonwhite daters gain status by dating any White. Whites, on the other hand, have little to gain by dating minorities. Source: http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/89/3/807.abstract

White/Black babies are less healthy than White babies. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2867623/

Mixed race couples are more likely to have stillborn babies than same-race couples. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15994621

Black-White children are more likely than both Black and Whites to make poor decisions. Source: http://www.nber.org/papers/w14192

90% of women who have a child with a Black man never marry the father. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

77% of women who have children with Black men earn less than $10,000 a year. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

98% of White women who have children with Black men are not financially supported by the father. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

The average White woman who has kids with a Black man earns $7250 a year, excluding welfare. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

97% of White women who have children with Black men have used welfare. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

97% of Black fathers who have children with White women are not active in their children’s lives. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

Race-mixers may give less parental support to their children because of greater genetic distance. Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/.../j.1095-8312.../abstract

97% of interracial (Black man, White women) children are born out of wedlock. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

White-Black couples have more partner violence than White couples and as much violence as Black couples. Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3611980/

Bias against miscegenation is likely biological in origin. Source:

Interracial marriages have a 23.5% chance of divorce, compared to 13% for same-race couples. Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4145377

Mixed race kids suffer from low self-esteem, social isolation, and poor family dynamics. Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1448064/

Mixed race children are more likely to have health problems, high stress, smoke, and drink. Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1448064/

Interracial couples devote less time to maintaining their household than same race couples. Source: http://link.springer.com/.../10.1007%2F978-1-4614-1623-4_9

interracial people cannot receive organ donations. Source: http://content.time.com/.../article/0,8599,1993074,00.html

Asians who marry outside of their race are less educated than Asians who do not. Source: http://sf.oxfordjournals.org/content/91/2/453

90% of White women who have kids with black men are unemployed or earn less than 10K a year. Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2625893

White women who marry minorities tend to be poor and to “marry up” in socioeconomic status. Source: http://paa2008.princeton.edu/papers/80046#page=7

Slim, slender, athletic, fit or average White women are 7x more likely than fat White women to refuse to date Blacks. Source: http://paa2008.princeton.edu/papers/80046#page=23

Better educated men and women are more likely to exclude blacks as romantic partners. Source: http://paa2008.princeton.edu/papers/80046#page=23

Mixed-race children are more likely to suffer from ADHD. Source:

It is very difficult for mixed-race children to find a bone marrow donor. Source:
http://content.time.com/.../article/0,8599,1993074,00.html


**LIST #2**

Race Mixing is Disgusting

Here’s one on racemixing that was shared on MFC

Although some argue that race mixing “averages out” traits and since average faces are considered more attractive (http://cs.brown.edu/courses/cs143/2009/lecture13.pdfthen) then mixed race offspring should be more attractive. However this is fallacious as it assumes we are designed for perfect symmetry, when in fact the magnitude of asymmetry is the correct measurement and this random component fulctuates, also called “fluctuating asymmetry” - so more honestly a lower level of asymmetry correlates with increased attractiveness, not symmetry. http://beheco.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/5/864.abstract

But does increased heterozygosity cause lower asymmetry? A meta analysis of 118 datasets in 14 studies showed a very weak inverse correlation between the two, showing that increased heterozygosity has no beneficial effect on symmetry or asymmetry http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v83/n2/full/6885550a.html

One study on the craniofacial morphology in White-Amerindian mixed race individuals found that over half of the 52 shape variables deviated from the mathematical average completely shattering the above argument. http://majorityrights.com/images/uploads/spanish.indian.pdf

The neurotransmitter oxytocin “makes people more co-operative, benevolent, loyal, generous and trusting of others. It is involved in the parent-child bond - new mothers and fathers have raised levels of oxytocin. Production also increases when people hug and when they have sex and, recent research suggests, when they receive psychological warmth.” However, oxytocin has been alleged to “foster racism.” http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2011/jan/30/bright-ideas-oxytocin-hormone-racism The study found that “intergroup bias that fuels prejudice, xenophobia, and intergroup violence… Which maybe modulated by brain oxytocin.” This suggests that the instinctual desire to pursue the interests of one’s own ethnic group to further ensure the existence of one’s people is linked to racial bias, coinciding with the observation that diversity is a weakness, not a strength. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/01/06/1015316108

One study found that during the menstrual cycle when women have a higher likeihood of conception, racial bias is increased, especially when the likeihood of sexual intercourse was increased; “increased conception risk was positively associated with several measures of race bias. This association was particularly strong when perceived vulnerability to sexual coercion was high.” Although egalitarians suggest that only a racist would consider race when it comes to reproduction and mate choice, this study observed a general, innate tendency to prefer one’s own race especially when most likely to be impregnated. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19422626

Race Is A Social Construct? The Immune System: How Important Is Race?
“If a Leukemia patient in need of a bone marrow transplant were white, he would have a nearly 90 percent chance of finding a matching bone marrow donor who could cure his leukemia.” The reason that mixed-heritage patients are so hard to match can be found in the immune system. Different races have developed certain proteins, or markers, that are part of the body’s natural defenses. These markers help the immune system determine which cells are foreign and should be rejected. Are cells racist? A match between two people who share more genetically in common significantly reduces the risk of the donor and recipient cells attacking each other. (READ: cells from people of two different races will attack and fight each other as though they are a virus) The more people of different backgrounds who produce offspring = the more types that are harder to match. Multiracial patients have uncommon profiles and since there can be many possible racial and ethnic combinations in multiracial societies, finding a match can still be extremely difficult. (http://m.phys.org/_news162659550.html) As an example, a White mother of mixed-race child would have more genetically in common with a random White person on the street than with her own child. If such a dramatic and fundamental alienation from your own parents is not horrific enough, With a mixed-race child diagnosed with leukemia, every member of the child’s own family becomes an incompatible donor for a bone-marrow transplant, and finding a compatible donor is unlikely: One obstacle to finding a matching donor fpr Rod Carew’s daughter Michelle was her mixed ethnic background. Her father is black, with West Indian and Panamanian roots. Her mother is white, with Russian-Jewish roots. In addition, only 5 percent of registered donors are black. http://www.nytimes.com/1996/04/18/sports/baseball-rod-carew-s-daughter-dies.html

Bone Marrow Transplants: When Race Is an Issue
"Compared to organ transplants, bone marrow donations need to be even more genetically similar to their recipients. Since all the immune system’s cells come from bone marrow, a transplant essentially introduces a new immune system to a person. Without genetic similarity between the donor and the patient, the new white blood cells will attack the host body. http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1993074,00.html

Race matters when a patient needs a stem cell or marrow transplant.
If you become ill with a blood cancer or other disease that requires a stem cell transplant, here’s an uncomfortable fact: Your race matters. Diversity is a strength in much of life, [citation needed!] but it’s a curse when finding a stem cell donor match. http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2013-08-05/national/41085742_1_stem-jeffrey-chell-ancestors

The Race for Ancestral Genetics in Clinical Trials
A seasoned cancer researcher would never set up a study in which all the ill patients were, say, Canadian, and all the healthy controls were Japanese. And yet cancer researchers risk making a similar mistake if they overlook genetic information that fleshes out what many of us like to think of as race or ethnicity, some experts say. Fortunately, awareness of how ancestral genetics might contribute to risk of disease and drug response in people has risen over the last several years. Studies that look directly at the problem are on the rapid rise, and this increased interest has biotechnology companies lowering the cost of tests that determine genetic ancestry, thanks to a little competition. However, experts have yet to decide on how to genetically define ancestry, suggesting examining anywhere from a handful to hundreds of gene variants. Not including information on the race or ethnicity of study volunteers could skew disease risks as stronger or weaker than they really are. “Alzheimer’s disease is the poster child for this problem,” says pharmacogeneticist Esteban Burchard, M.D., of the University of California in San Francisco. A variant of the gene ApoE4 is a strong genetic risk factor for early-onset Alzheimer’s disease, and the characteristic most likely to raise or lower that risk is race. “It occurs in about 20% of the African American population, and it means nothing. It occurs in about 6% of the Japanese, and it makes their risk six times higher [than that for white people],” Burchard said. “Something about being Japanese unleashes the wrath of the gene, and something about being African American attenuates it.” https://academic.oup.com/jnci/article/98/18/1270/2521806

The FDA have approved a heart failure drug called Bidil, but only for people of African descent, as Africans do not benefit from conventional heart failure drugs. http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/98/18/1270.full BiDil

Sickle-Cell Disease
Sickle cell anaemia is a condition found almost exclusively in blacks, about 1 in 4 west Africans carry the gene for it, almost no whites do. Any whites who carry the gene most likely have a black ancestor. As a result of population growth in African-Caribbean regions of overseas France and immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa to mainland France, sickle cell disease has become a major health problem in France. SCD has become the most common genetic disease in this country. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB116096445875393515.html?mg=com-wsj

Invasive species: Genes Are Destroyed With Admixture/Racial Mixing Extinction by hybridization:
Nonindigenous species can bring about a form of extinction of native flora and fauna by hybridization and introgression either through purposeful introduction by humans or through habitat modification, bringing previously isolated species into contact. These phenomena can be especially problematic for rare species coming into contact with more abundant ones. Increased use of molecular techniques focuses attention on the extent of this underappreciated problem that is not always apparent from morphological observations alone. Some degree of gene flow is a normal, evolutionarily constructive process, and all constellations of genes and genotypes cannot be preserved. However, hybridization with or without introgression may, nevertheless, threaten a rare species’ existence. http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83

The Island Model with Stochastic Migration:
It is supposed that the migration rate and the immigrant gene frequency are independent of each other in each generation, and each of them is independently and identically distributed in every generation. The treatment is confined to a single diallelic locus without mutation. If the diploid population is infinite, selection is absent and the immigrant gene frequency is fixed, then the gene frequency on the island converges to the immigrant frequency, and the logarithm of the absolute value of its deviation from it is asymptotically normally distributed. The above implies that if you have two genes in some frequency in the immigrant population, under one way migration that frequency becomes the dominant frequency on the island.

We investigated various cases of the island model with stochastic migration. If the population is infinite, the immigrants have a fixed gene frequency and the alleles are neutral, the gene frequency on the island converges to that of the immigrants. What this means is that the genes initially on the model island, in effect, disappeared. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1213928/pdf/163.pdf


**OTHER LIST**

AJPH.93.11.1865.pdf (246.6 KB)

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The Fallacy of Equating the Hereditarian Hypothesis with Racism

Abstract: There is a large amount of evidence that groups differ in average cognitive ability. The hereditarian hypothesis states that these differences are partly or substantially explained by genetics. Despite being a positive claim about the world, this hypothesis is frequently equated with racism, and scholars who defend it are frequently denounced as racists. Yet equating the hereditarian hypothesis with racism is a logical fallacy. The present article identifies ten common arguments for why the hereditarian hypothesis is racist and demonstrates that each one is fallacious. The article concludes that society will be better served if the hereditarian hypothesis is treated the same way as any other scientific claim—critically, but dispassionately.

psych-01-00018-v2.pdf (324.2 KB)